Introduction. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Photovoice is based on the premise that community members are the most knowledgeable about the situation in their respective communities and about solutions that work. For more information, please read B.C. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. A demographic bulge in the 15-24 age range for the Aboriginal population can partially account for higher crime rates as this age cohort is more likely to commit property and violent crime. A 2006 Recidivism Study found that community based justice programs are very effective at dealing withAboriginal over-representation within the justice system and that programparticipants were less likely to re-offend than those that went through the mainstream justice system. A Strategy for Action. Contact with Police In cases where victims have a role in the program, they are provided with an opportunity to face their offenders and for offenders to understand the impact of their actions. The Aboriginal Justice Strategy The Aboriginal Justice Strategy was created in 1991 (originally called the Aboriginal Justice Initiative), to support a range of community-based justice initiatives such as diversion programs, community participation in the sentencing of offenders, and mediation and arbitration mechanisms for civil disputes. "The Aboriginal Justice Strategy builds on this Government's commitment to reduce and prevent crime, strengthen the justice system and promote safer communities. Table 1 shows the estimated recidivism rates for program participants and the comparison group at various points in time after participation in the program[49]. As part of the impact evaluation of the AJS, we would like to seek your input regarding the relevance and performance of the AJS. By taking cultural factors into consideration when dealing with criminality and by focussing on healing the community and offender rather than punishment, the justice process is seen as more relevant and responsive to Aboriginal communities’ needs. [48]  In addition to this, the AJS has gained eager partners and participants, both provinces and territories, as well as Aboriginal communities. One such program - the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - supports Aboriginal communities to establish programs and systems to divert Aboriginal people away from the mainstream justice system and to handle less serious offences (property crimes for example) outside of courts. "The Aboriginal Justice Strategy builds on this Government's commitment to reduce and prevent crime, strengthen the justice system and promote safer communities. In addition, the information was shared with participants in an open manner and communities felt more ownership over the results. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework (VAAF) is the government’s overarching framework that brings together government and Aboriginal community commitments and efforts to improve outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. to desist from re-offending . Furthermore, as more Aboriginal people become involved in justice administration, a greater understanding of Aboriginal needs will evolve and, consequently, contribute to the necessary conditions for sustainable improvements within the mainstream justice system. Quality training for program staff was identified to be extremely important to the success of a program as was corporate memory for such things as best practices. The AJS was established as part of the federal government response to the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the Canadian justice system. justice panel including dr.annie ross, and leah fontaine music and entertainment by murray porter The purpose of the conference is to increase awareness and share knowledge between new and existing Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS) Programs in BC. With the enhanced funding for the AJS announced in the 2007 Budget, this number will increase, particularly in the target areas of urban communities, northern regions, and programs that target youth. It transferred the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, which was formally included in the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, to the Programs Branch within the Policy Sector (see Figure 2). [4]   Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. [6]   See Department of Justice (2002). The Commission (1996) p. 309. During that same year a trial involving suspects of the 1971 abduction and murder of Helen Osbourne (a young Cree woman) took place. Also, other socio-economic factors, such as lower rates of educational attainment, lower employment and income, and other health and social issues contribute to Aboriginal people’s overrepresentation in the justice system and play a part in a continuing cycle of overrepresentation.[47]. It discusses the policy context relating to the Strategy and describes its program logic, its management structure, and its financial resources. This component offers support for training activities to address the developmental needs of communities, support the development of new programs, or to support one-time or annual events that build bridges, trust and partnerships between the mainstream justice system and Aboriginal communities. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Since 2013, this has been underpinned by a … Community-based justice program funding supports Aboriginal communities in developing and operating culturally relevant justice programs that give communities significant responsibility for working with offenders, and for resolving civil and criminal disputes, at the local level. The Supreme Court of Canada also emphasized the far-reaching consequences of maintaining Aboriginal offenders in a system that largely fails to serve and rehabilitate them: “Not surprisingly, the excessive imprisonment of aboriginal people is only the tip of the iceberg insofar as the estrangement of the aboriginal peoples from the Canadian criminal justice system is concerned. This is meant to bridge the disconnect between Aboriginal peoples’ unique personal and community background and experiences, and the criminal justice system. The principal reason for this crushing failure is the fundamentally different world views of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people with respect to such elemental issues as the substantive content of justice and the process of achieving justice.”[4]. As a summative evaluation, this study focuses on the program’s rationale, results, and cost-effectiveness, but also covers a number of issues relating to program implementation. The Department of Justice allocates most of its AJS funds to the funding of community-based justice programs. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. A number of communities also offer a mix of models that may include diversion or alternative measures. The Department realigned the AJS related policy functions to the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group within the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, as a result of its policy capacity. When dividing total program expenditures by the total number of referrals, the average cost per referral was $973. Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. The AJS may cover up to 100 percent of the activities under this component. Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy to strengthen young people’s connection to family, community and culture, and put in place the interventions and supports needed to reduce offending. Evaluation Division Corporate Services Branch. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and Young People in partnership with Youth Justice. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix 1 Aboriginal People in the Canadian Justice System: Statistics. The role of the Directorate was also redefined to focus primarily on the management of the contribution agreements signed under the AJS. Community-based activities are at the core of the AJS. The results from the study lend strong support to the assertion that AJS program participation reduces the likelihood of recidivism. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix B: Summary of Case Studies. The background characteristics of offenders in the total sample were as follows: Program participants and comparison group members tended to be similar in background characteristics but some key differences between the two groups were identified: comparison group members tended to have more prior convictions, to have been more recently referred to an AJS program, and to be slightly older. Similarly, the 2007 Summative Evaluation found that the AJS was creating safer and more stable communities while also being a cost effective alternative to the mainstream justice system. 688, par. Aboriginal Justice Strategy. A total of 63 individuals were interviewed. There is evidence of success in these programs: recidivism in Aboriginal communities has decreased due to AJS programs and participating Aboriginal people have found it to be a worthwhile process. Though more pronounced in the years immediately following program completion, the discrepancy in recidivism scores between program participants and comparison group members continues at every point in time after program completion. Aboriginal Justice Strategy. In 2007, LAO began developing an Aboriginal Justice Strategy to help meet the needs of First Nations communities across Ontario. Corrective Services NSW (CSNSW) collaborates with other government and non-government agencies to reduce the incarceration and re-offending rates of Aboriginal people. To what extent is there a continuing need for the AJS? Ottawa. December 2016. has many programs, services and resources to help and support Aboriginal people and communities involved with the criminal justice system. Itwas also found that programs would be more successful if there was ownership of the program demonstrated by the community. Using the same methodology, the comparable incarceration rate for non-Aboriginal persons is 117 per 100,000 adults.”[3]. Aboriginal Justice Strategy CJW Community Justice Worker The Department Department of Justice Canada FPT Federal-Provincial-Territorial FPT WG Federal-Provincial-Territorial Working Group Gs&Cs Grants and Contributions INAC Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada KI Key Informant MJS Bridging the Cultural Divide: A Report on Aboriginal People and Criminal Justice in Canada. The Aboriginal Justice Strategy.. [Canada. The AJS pursues objectives that relate both to the administration of justice within Aboriginal communities and to the administration of the mainstream justice system. Community-based justice programs have emerged as an alternative to the mainstream justice system, allowing Aboriginal communities to address some conflicts in accordance with their own values of caring and healing. Even without including the higher costs of holding a trial in a remote location, the AJS was still found to be a more cost-effective approach in dealing with offenders than sending them into the mainstream justice system. Recognizing that, the AJS Summative Evaluation reviewed activity reports and the financial information of nine AJS programs. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Annual Report 2005-2006. Aboriginal people believe care has to be taken so that actions to control the offender do not bring hardship to others. This section describes the AJS' program logic and is based on the model included as Figure 1 on page 9. It has been well documented that the mainstream justice system has historically not responded well to Aboriginal peoples, as evidenced by their disproportionably high victimization and incarceration rates. Date modified: 2017-02-10 Section menu About Us. Over time, both federal and provincial governments have implemented initiatives to improve the ways in which the mainstream justice system responds to Aboriginal offenders. This is meant to allow for cultural sensitivities and more victim participation in the resolution of offences and allows the entire community to feel ownership of the process, which is meant to heal the community. (…) [T]he best estimate of the overall incarceration rate for Aboriginal People in Canada is 1,024 per 100,000 adults. There are a number of programs that are targeted at Aboriginal people that offer alternatives to access justice. their average age was just under 29 years old; only a small portion (8.78%) were youth under the age of 18; most had never been convicted of a crime prior to their referral to the AJS program(60.67%); and. While it initially allocated $11.5 million annually to AJS in the current funding allocation, the federal government applied budget-reallocation and adjustments to the AJS such that the program's actual allocation has been varying between $9.4 and $10.3 annually (see Table 1 for details). Victims often benefit from their involvement with AJS programs because they are given a voice in the process through things such as healing circles and community sentencing. They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Annual Report 2005-2006 Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Executive Summary. Search. 4.1.2 Increased Aboriginal community ownership of and access to data. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. They represent 18 per cent of the federal prison population although they account for just 3 per cent of the general Canadian population. 's Criminal Justice System. Corrections’ Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Capacity building activities are intended to create awareness of the program at the community level, ensurethat program coordinators have the information and skills to effectively do their work, and that key partners in the main stream justice system understand and support the model. Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. ... Aboriginal Justice College TOP. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples issued a particularly disturbing conclusion on this issue: “The Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada – First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, on-reserve and off-reserve, urban and rural – in all territorial and governmental jurisdictions. This section of the report describes the AJS. These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. It is a successful program that helps steer Aboriginal people away from a lifestyle of crime, provides hope and opportunity for Aboriginal youth and helps end cycles of violence." Context of the evaluation 1.2. Experience, to date, indicates that community-based justice programs also respond to a variety of needs beyond dealing with criminal offences, such as: Close to 80% of community-based justice programs funded through AJS are diversion oralternative measures programs. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 2016. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. As part of these studies, documents from each of the selected communities were reviewed and five individuals from each of the case study programs were interviewed, including justice coordinators, police officers, victims, offenders, justice committee members, city officials, Elders, prosecutors, probation officers, and defence counsel. Initially program coordinators expressed some mistrust of conventional evaluation approaches. For more information, visit B.C. 1. Structure of the report Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; 1. This provincial average does not reflect the cost of conducting a trial in a remote location, which is considerably higher. Access to Child Witness Service for Aboriginal Children. 2. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions. What impact has the community-based justice program had in your community. The Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy will complement the ground-breaking Wungurilwil Gapgapduir: Aboriginal Children and Families Agreement, which aims to address the overrepresentation of Aboriginal young people in out-of-home care. Crime statistics provide an incomplete, yet, helpful illustration of this important gap in program reach. The Strategy contains the path forward to modernizing the existing criminal justice system as well as the rebuilding of Indigenous justice systems. Aboriginal people represent 3.3% of the Canadian population, but make up 18% of total provincial and territorial sentenced admissions. Conclusions, Reccommendations and Management Response. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. However, because of the enhanced and expanded funding the AJS received in the 2007 budget, community based programs will reach more Aboriginal communities in the very near future. Funding for aboriginal justice program will continue despite budget concerns. Objectives of the evaluation 1.3. In order to combat these trends the federal government has initiated a number of programs across the federal justice continuum. to assist Aboriginal people to assume greater responsibility for the administration of justice in their communities; to reflect and include Aboriginal values within the Canadian justice system; and. Develop an Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy. 1 S.R.C. Table of Contents; PDF Version. And in an environment of increasing pressure to show value for spending, AJS programs have been shown to be more cost-effective than the mainstream justice system. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. In June 2006, the Department of Justice realigned the AJS management structure as follows: When the federal government first launched the AJS in 1996, it allocated $4.5 million annually to the program, a figure that increased to $8.6 million annually by the end of the first funding allocation in 2000-01. The AJS is one component of the federal government's response to the well-documented fact that a disproportionate number of Aboriginal people are in conflict with the law. In 2005-06, close to 70 percent of the total AJS funding went to support such programs, which provincial and territorial governments also support through direct funding or in-kind contributions. over the long term, along with other justice programs, to contribute to a decrease in the rate of victimization, crime and incarceration among Aboriginal people in communities operating AJS programs; to assist Aboriginal people to assume greater responsibility for the administration of justice in their communities; to provide better and more timely information about community justice programs funded by the AJS; and. Ottawa. With regards to Indigenous youth, there has been an even more significant decrease in admissions to provincial/territorial correctional services (both custody … In 2004, Aboriginal people were more likely than non-Aboriginal people to have come into contact with police as victims of crime (13% compared to 7%), as witnesses to a crime (11% compared to 6%), or by virtue of being arrested (5% compared to 1%). It was found that the turnover rates for program coordinators were rather high, and because of this, a process for continuity from one coordinator to another is necessary. Published: May 1, 2019 . This study provides insights into the impact of AJS programs on clients’ likelihood of re-offending over time. Policy Development and Support promotes and supports Aboriginal community justice as a key policy issue in Canada through strategic partnerships at the departmental, interdepartmental and intergovernmental levels; provides multi-disciplinary advice on Aboriginal justice issues to the DOJ and to other federal departments; and provides advice and input to self-government negotiators on the … 1.1. The Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy (ALSP) Group provides strategic policy support to the AJD. Furthermore, in a targeted examination, the AJS has proven to be effective in combating recidivism, more so than the mainstream justice system, and has been a very positive experience for the communities that host these programs. This work takes place within a legal and policy framework designed to be … ... Aboriginal Justice College TOP. As a part of the case studies, the Department of Justice utilized an innovative participatory method called Photovoice, where program participants from the case study communities took pictures to represent their experiences with community based justice. As this Court recently noted (…), there is widespread bias against aboriginal people within Canada, and “[t]here is evidence that this widespread racism has translated into systemic discrimination in the criminal justice system.”, (…) These findings cry out for recognition of the magnitude and gravity of the problem, and for responses to alleviate it. The incarceration rates for Aboriginal people are much higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons[45]. A recent account of this problem came from the Correctional Investigator, who reported that the incarceration rate for Aboriginal people is still approximately 10 times higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons: “Aboriginals account for a disproportionate share of the prison population. Within the study, offenders who participated in an AJS program are referred to throughout this summary as “program participants.”  Offenders who did not participate in an AJS program are referred to as “comparison group members.”   Criminal behaviour is defined in terms of criminal offences that result in convictions (or findings of guilt in the case of young offenders). What are the strengths, challenges, and concerns your community has in dealing with justice issues? It is in this context that the Department of Justice has been funding community-based justice programs for the past 16 years, including the past five years under the current AJS funding allocation that is the object of this evaluation. By sharing their own experiences in a circle, other people involved in the resolution of an offence, such as justice committee members, family members, and Elders, are also provided with a means of healing. The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada contributes $2 million annually while the Department of Justice contributes the remaining portion. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus has been critical in strengthening partnerships between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian Government to drive effective and self-determining change under Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja. AJS community-based programs have a number of benefits on the communities they serve as well as diverting offenders from the mainstream justice system which include: In many of the cases examined, regardless of the AJS program model used, the impacts of the program extend beyond the principal participants. The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. Of this total, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent Criminal Code offences. In total 3,361 AJS program participants and 885 comparison group members from nine programs across Canada were part of this study. Justice Corrective Services A Strategy for supporting Aboriginal offenders. In collaboration with the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group leads federal-provincial-territorial working groups on Aboriginal justice issues and the renewal process for the AJS, and provides legal advice on self-government negotiations. B.C. During the first four years of the current AJS funding allocation (2002-03 to 2005-06), the Aboriginal Justice Directorate managed all components of the AJS. “Annual Report of the Office of the Correctional Investigator 2005-2006.” Ottawa, p. 11. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Restrictions are in place to help slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) and save lives.For more information visit the … Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions Thank you for participating in the evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS). Both the Department of Justice and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada allocate funding to the AJS. over the long term, along with other justice programs, to contribute to a decrease in the rate of victimization, crime and incarceration among Aboriginal people in communities operating AJS programs. Despite this progress, however, community-based justice programs are still only reaching a small portion of Aboriginal offenders. The figures are stark and reflect what may fairly be termed a crisis in the Canadian criminal justice system.”[5]. most were referred to the AJS program for non-violent crimes (72.52%). Aboriginal Employment Strategy 2019-2022 Creating pathways for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people . For instance, the role of the program coordinator was found to be pivotal to the success of the program, and skilled program staff and volunteers equally so. Results-Based Management and Accountability Framework (RMAF) 2002-2007 Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; 5. [5]   R. v. Gladue [1999]. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. The programs help community members have a say about justice in their community by involving them in the process. 4.1.1 Independent oversight of Aboriginal justice outcomes. Aboriginal Justice. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. Department of Justice,;] Home. 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